The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty
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The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty

Concepts, Research, Policy

Edited by Sylvia Chant

In the interests of contextualising (and nuancing) the multiple interrelations between gender and poverty, Sylvia Chant has gathered writings on diverse aspects of the subject from a range of disciplinary and professional perspectives, achieving extensive thematic as well as geographical coverage. This benchmark volume presents women’s and men’s experiences of gendered poverty with respect to a vast spectrum of intersecting issues including local to global economic transformations, family, age, ‘race’, migration, assets, paid and unpaid work, health, sexuality, human rights, and conflict and violence.
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Chapter 47: Poverty Gender and the Right to Health: Reflections with Particular Reference to Chile

Jasmine Gideon


47 Poverty, gender and the right to health: reflections with particular reference to Chile Jasmine Gideon Introduction There is a general consensus that good health is about more than the absence of infirmity and that, as stated in the 1978 World Health Organisation (WHO) Alma Ata Declaration, it encompasses ‘a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being’ and is ‘a fundamental human right’. The right to health is also enshrined in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). A total of 160 states – including Chile – have ratified the ICESCR and therefore have a duty under international law to fulfil the obligations as laid out in the Covenant. Article 12 states that: 1. 2. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognise the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve full realisation of this right shall include those necessary for: (a) The provision for the reduction of the still-birth rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child; (b) The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene; (c) The prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases; (d) The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness. The ICESCR is considered to impose three types of obligations on states that are...

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