The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty
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The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty

Concepts, Research, Policy

  • Elgar original reference

Edited by Sylvia Chant

In the interests of contextualising (and nuancing) the multiple interrelations between gender and poverty, Sylvia Chant has gathered writings on diverse aspects of the subject from a range of disciplinary and professional perspectives, achieving extensive thematic as well as geographical coverage. This benchmark volume presents women’s and men’s experiences of gendered poverty with respect to a vast spectrum of intersecting issues including local to global economic transformations, family, age, ‘race’, migration, assets, paid and unpaid work, health, sexuality, human rights, and conflict and violence.
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Chapter 74: Gender and Quality of Work in Latin America

Javier Pineda

Extract

74 Gender and quality of work in Latin America Javier Pineda ‘Quality of work’ in Latin America, as well as in the world more generally, has recently become the focus of considerable attention due to changes introduced by new types of productive organisation, labour reforms, commercial integration dynamics and globalisation. These processes have brought about significant and important shifts in forms of labour integration, job stability, working hours and intensity of work, contractual status and related basic rights. Interest regarding the quality of work has been particularly associated with trends towards increased labour market flexibility (see Infante, 1999; Valenzuela and Reinecke, 2000; also Heintz, Chapter 66, this volume; Perrons, Chapter 62, this volume). Interest in the quality of work has advanced understanding but has also lacked a general theoretical approach which positions this in relation to poverty. There has also been neglect of the way in which ‘quality of work’ is different from constructs such as ‘informality’ and ‘decent work’, and which tackles the issue of its more accurate measurement. The present synthesis addresses quality of work from a gender perspective, and is organised into four main sections. First, I outline the multidimensional nature of quality of work, pinpointing its relations with quality of life analysis drawing on capabilities and human development approaches, as well as from feminist contributions to this literature. Second, in light of the growth of ‘atypical’ work, I present a brief overview of the contemporary Latin American urban labour market based on considerations that incorporate issues...

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