The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty
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The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty

Concepts, Research, Policy

Edited by Sylvia Chant

In the interests of contextualising (and nuancing) the multiple interrelations between gender and poverty, Sylvia Chant has gathered writings on diverse aspects of the subject from a range of disciplinary and professional perspectives, achieving extensive thematic as well as geographical coverage. This benchmark volume presents women’s and men’s experiences of gendered poverty with respect to a vast spectrum of intersecting issues including local to global economic transformations, family, age, ‘race’, migration, assets, paid and unpaid work, health, sexuality, human rights, and conflict and violence.
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Chapter 100: Gender, Neoliberalism and Post-neoliberalism: Re-assessing the Institutionalisation of Women’s Struggles for Survival in Ecuador and Venezuela

Amy Lind


Amy Lind Based on fieldwork in Ecuador and Venezuela, this chapter addresses the effects of neoliberal and ‘post-neoliberal’ development models on poor sectors, drawing out the implications for women’s household, community, and market labour.1 It starts out by addressing the general conclusions put forward by feminist scholars about the effects of global neoliberal restructuring on sectors of poor women in Latin America and the Global South. It then addresses the shift to the ‘new Left’ in Latin America; a shift characterised largely as a political and economic response to the failure of neoliberal development models in alleviating poverty in the region. Given the centrality of economic redistribution in socialist-oriented, post-neoliberal forms of governance, I discuss the potential of the Ecuadorian and Venezuelan models for alleviating poverty, redistributing wealth, and addressing longstanding structural (gendered) inequalities in the two countries, drawing out the broader implications for scholarship on neoliberalism and post-neoliberalism. I argue that in both neoliberal and post-neoliberal contexts, a critique of heteronormativity is needed in order to truly transform long-standing gender inequalities.2 Gender, neoliberalism and post-neoliberalism Although since the 2000s we have witnessed a shift to ‘post-neoliberal’ development and governance in Latin America, there is no clear or abrupt rupture with the neoliberal policies that were central to national governments’ development agendas during the 1980s and 1990s. Depending upon the country, the term ‘post-neoliberal’ arguably connotes more of a political shift than an economic one, although there is evidence to suggest that the new, socialist-inspired emphasis on redistribution, particularly in...

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