Vulnerable Places, Vulnerable People
Show Less

Vulnerable Places, Vulnerable People Trade Liberalization, Rural Poverty and the Environment

Trade Liberalization, Rural Poverty and the Environment

Edited by Jonathan A. Cook, Owen Cylke, Donald F. Larson, John D. Nash and Pamela Stedman-Edwards

While some argue that trade liberalization has raised incomes and led to environmental protection in developing countries, others claim that it generates neither poverty reduction nor sustainability. The detailed case studies in this book demonstrate that neither interpretation is universally correct, given how much depends on specific policies and institutions that determine ‘on-the-ground’ outcomes. Drawing on research from six countries around the developing world, the book also presents the unique perspectives of researchers at both the world’s largest development organization (The World Bank) and the world’s largest conservation organization (World Wildlife Fund) on the debate over trade liberalization and its effects on poverty and the environment.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 2: Trade Liberalization, Rural Poverty and the Environment: A Case Study of the Forest and Salmon Sectors in Chile

Raúl O’Ryan, Mario Niklitschek, Edwin Niklitschek, Nicolo Gligo and Andres Ulloa

Extract

2. Trade liberalization, rural poverty and the environment: a case study of the forest and salmon sectors in Chile Raúl O’Ryan, with Mario Niklitschek, Edwin Niklitschek, Andrés Ulloa and Nicolo Gligo The rapid growth of the Chilean economy over the last few decades has earned the country its reputation as the most solid and dynamic economy in Latin America, with poverty rates now among the lowest in the region. Deep macroeconomic and microeconomic reforms, including a dramatic opening to international trade, that were initiated in the 1970s are credited for this export-led growth. However, these reforms came with significant social, economic and, possibly, environmental costs. The country’s macroeconomic indicators are strong, but it is not so clear that the increase in exports is benefiting all local economies, or the most vulnerable of the rural poor, equally. And the concentration of exports in the naturalresource-based sectors – such as mining, forestry, agriculture, fishing and aquaculture – has raised questions about the environmental impacts, as well as the overall sustainability, of an economic model that relies heavily on natural-resource-based exports. Many environmental nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and local organizations have argued against the current economic model on the grounds that it is unsustainable, contending that the environment has been degraded over the last 20 years. Other stakeholders, particularly producers, tend to dismiss the significance of these effects, pointing to the key role of exports in economic growth and poverty alleviation. Different studies have addressed some of these issues, without resolving the dispute. This...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.