Trends, Patterns and Control
Edited by Heinz Fassmann, Max Haller and David Lane
Chapter 11: Turkish Minorities in Europe: Towards Societal Integration or the Rise of ‘Parallel Societies’
11. Turkish minorities in Europe: towards societal integration or the rise of ‘parallel societies’ Olga Kutsenko INTRODUCTION 11.1 Ethnic-based conflicts intensifying in different European regions reaffirm the point argued by Anthony H. Richmond about the increasing activity of minor communicative social networks, which is forming under the influence of heightened migration (Richmond 1987, 3–18). Such networks contribute to the strengthening of peripheral ethnic and language nationalism as a claim of ethnic and language-based minorities on their exceptionality as well as on territorial and political independence. Revival of a peripheral nationalism provokes a nationalism of a ‘big society’ (Serbian, Moldovan, Russian, French, German and so forth). The powerful and obvious ethnicization of politics and the politicization of ethnicity has made its comeback in Europe and confronted researchers and politicians alike with challenges that seem to be revivals of issues which were suppressed after World War II. Such issues have new features in the contemporary context, which has resulted in the topics of ethnicity and interethnic relations gaining new momentum in both practical politics and social science discourse. This chapter will look at the way theories on ethnicity and interethnic relations apply to some Turkish and related minorities who have more or less successfully integrated into the receiving society. The chapter draws its research from the database and outcomes of the special research project ‘Comparing societal integration of Turkish and related minorities in INTAS and NIS’ which was supported by funds from the European Union. The INTAS Research Project 04-79-7018 (2005-2007)...
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