New Challenges for Poverty Reduction
Edited by M. A. Mohamed Salih
Chapter 6: Climate Change and Development (Cooperation)
Joyeeta Gupta1 The climate change problem has evolved from an abstract, future, luxury problem to a concrete, urgent, developmental problem. North–South funding for climate change measures evolved from the willingness to provide ‘new and additional’ compensatory resources, to a commitment to mainstream climate change assistance in existing development aid. The anticipated merger of these two debates leads to two questions: How logical is it to link climate change to development aid? Second, what can climate change assistance learn from the history of development aid? This chapter presents some background information on the evolution of the climate change discourse, the funding discourse and the aid discourse, before moving to address the first and second questions. It concludes that although it makes good practical sense to link measures with respect to climate change with existing aid measures, it will remain politically sensitive. This is because the South will view this as retracting from the original commitment the developed countries made to the South, until and unless new and additional resources are available, increasing the total aid funding to the South to more than 0.7 per cent of GNI. Further the packaging and evaluation of aid needs considerable modification if aid is to become more effective. Originally negotiators framed climate change as an economic and technological issue solvable only through technological and economic measures. This added to the developing country perception of it as an abstract ‘Western problem’ and something that would occur in the future. However this issue is currently undergoing...
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