A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Policy Integration
Edited by Alessandra Goria, Alessandra Sgobbi and Ingmar von Homeyer
Duncan Russel and Andrew Jordan 8.1 INTRODUCTION The United Kingdom (UK) is widely regarded as having a very coordinated system of government, especially in relation to the management of foreign policy (Metcalfe, 1994: 285; Bulmer and Burch, 1998; Jordan, 2002a: 37). Its so-called ‘Rolls-Royce’ coordination system was created to ensure the constituent parts of government ‘speak with one voice’ (Bulmer and Burch, 1998; Jordan, 2002a: 37). More recently, under Tony Blair the UK has made a concentrated effort to pursue more joined-up government across a range of other cross-cutting issues, such as sustainable development, social exclusion, race and gender (Cabinet Office, 1999; Pollitt, 2003). The UK also has a long history of trying to achieve greater environmental coordination; it was actually one of the very first EU Member States to develop a national environmental policy integration (EPI) system (Jordan and Schout, 2006). Crucially, its pursuit of EPI significantly predates the EU’s efforts and it has been a strong advocate of European level EPI within the various organs of the EU (Jordan, 2002a: 41). Additionally, the UK has been a leader in the development of different mechanisms to achieve greater coordination (for example environmental cabinet committees and policy appraisal). Given this apparently supportive context, it is not entirely surprising that the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2001, 2002) recently applauded the UK for its innovative approach to EPI. In this chapter, we try to arrive at a more detailed assessment of the UK’s performance. Overall, we find that the...
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