A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Policy Integration
Edited by Alessandra Goria, Alessandra Sgobbi and Ingmar von Homeyer
Chapter 9: The Case of EPI in Central and Eastern Europe
Keti Medarova-Bergström, Tamara Steger and Adam Paulsen 9.1 INTRODUCTION Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) constitutes a unique case for exploring environmental policy integration (EPI) given the social, political, economic and historical context of this region.1 While this context retains some similarities such as the former presence of a strong centralized regime, it is also diverse. Using existing research on EPI in CEE, this chapter explores EPI in relationship to modes of governance. Ultimately, the chapter builds on current efforts to identify and understand particular aspects or modes of governance that are influential in promoting or inhibiting the EPI agenda. First, we present the CEE regional context, a definition of EPI and a conceptual framework emphasizing modes of governance. Second, prominent factors in understanding EPI in CEE are summarized and briefly discussed. Third, EPI and governance modes in CEE are explicitly explored. Case examples from Bulgaria and Hungary are used to provide detailed insight into the specific opportunities and challenges for the implementation of EPI in CEE. The chapter particularly engages the transport and energy sectors, as well as the programming of the EU funds for regional development. 9.2 CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) entered a state of democratic and economic transition in the late 1980s, fuelled in large part by the collapsing centralized economy orchestrated mainly from Moscow. The centrallyplanned economic model promoted during the communist times was characterized by strictly political top-down priority-setting, ‘sectoralization’ or ‘compartmentalization’ of public policy lacking public...
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