The Politics and Policy of Carbon Capture and Storage
Edited by James Meadowcroft and Oluf Langhelle
4. CCS in Canada Mark Jaccard and Jacqueline Sharp On the surface, Canada is an obvious candidate for world leadership in the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS). It has an impressive fossil fuel endowment which includes oil, natural gas, coal and oil sands. It has repeatedly made strong national commitments to reduce GHG emissions. It is a rich, technologically advanced country, with access to capital and know-how. Its oil industry already uses carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery and the country’s western region has almost ideal conditions for extensive geological storage of carbon dioxide. Some of its key environmental organizations and activists support CCS as part of a climate strategy that emphasizes efficiency and renewables. And since at least 1999, when Canada first presented its plan to achieve its Kyoto commitment, the country’s political leaders have explicitly and repeatedly presented CCS as a critical component of Canada’s climate strategy. Yet, in spite of these favourable conditions and forceful public pronouncements, CCS in Canada has made negligible progress over the past decade. There have been publicly sponsored studies of the CCS potential and of the policies needed to realize it. There has been publicly funded research into determining the best technological options and locations. There have been studies of public opinion and strategies for increasing public awareness and support. And private corporations are working with government to assess investment opportunities. But, today in Canada, there is still no large-scale CCS project under development. Why is this? Does this indicate...
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