The Politics and Policy of Carbon Capture and Storage
Edited by James Meadowcroft and Oluf Langhelle
Chapter 8: CCS in the Netherlands: Glass Half Empty or Half Full?
Philip J. Vergragt This chapter discusses the history, current situation, and future of CCS in the Netherlands. Section 1 will sketch the context of Dutch environmental, energy, and climate policies, including current policies on CCS. Section 2 will examine some regional developments (especially in the port of Rotterdam), which are important for Dutch CCS developments. CCS in the Netherlands cannot be separated from the discussion on new coal power plants (Section 3): three or four such plants are presently planned but are heavily criticized by Greenpeace. The development of CCS has been greatly stimulated by the CATO research programme (Section 4). After a section on the current situation and the future of CCS (Section 5), Section 6 will concentrate on public perception and acceptance, both theoretically and empirically. Section 7 will reflect on these developments from a technology dynamics point of view, asking to what extent CCS represents a lock-in for fossil fuels.1 Section 8 concludes. The Netherlands is a country of 16.4 million inhabitants (2007), and is a founding member of the European Union. Its GDP is about €500 billion (2006) and it ranked ninth on the 2005 Human Development Index (0.953). The economy is mainly a service economy (73 per cent). The other main economic sectors are agriculture (including horticulture), metal and machine building, electrical appliances, the chemical industry, oil refining, construction, micro-electronics and fisheries. The main sources of energy are: domestic and imported natural gas for heating; imported oil for transportation and for the chemical industry; imported...
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