- Elgar original reference
Edited by Philip Cooke, Bjørn Asheim, Ron Boschma, Ron Martin, Dafna Schwartz and Franz Tödtling
Chapter 17: Regional Knowledge Networks
17 Regional knowledge networks Michael Steiner Knowledge has long been acknowledged as the major source of regional economic development and growth; originally conceived as an exogenous factor it has from an evolutionary and institutional perspective been interpreted as an endogenous element of economic activity, thus recognizing that knowledge changes economic activity and economic activity changes knowledge (for recent surveys regarding the links between innovation, knowledge and regional development, and addressing subtle questions of top-down and bottom-up perspectives, see Howells, 2005, and Johansson and Karlsson, 2009). This interdependency leads to the necessity of new forms of economic institutions where the dichotomy between market and hierarchy is challenged by hybrids in the form of networks. Networks facilitate frequent and proximate relations between economic actors that can contribute to the development of a shared cognitive frame – they thus serve to integrate the positive externalities of innovation, technological knowledge and development activities (Maskell and Malmberg, 1999). The emphasis lies on the interactive character of innovation which involves the sharing and the exchange of different forms of knowledge between actors (Lawson and Lorenz, 1999) – knowledge and competence is developed interactively and within subgroups of a regional economy (Lundvall, 2002). This interaction has often been interpreted also as a result of a ‘associativerelational’ mode of organization – networks then are a specific form of ‘associative governance’ (Cooke, 1998; Cooke and Morgan, 1998; Morgan, 2004). The recent debate has concentrated on the economic character of such networks, stemming from the necessity of coordinating institutions for knowledge generation and...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.