Corporate Governance and Development
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Corporate Governance and Development

Reform, Financial Systems and Legal Frameworks

  • The CRC Series on Competition, Regulation and Development

Edited by Thankom Gopinath Arun and John Turner

This book analyses the complex relationship between corporate governance and economic development by focusing on the reform of corporate governance, the role of the legal system, and the interconnections with the financial system.
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Chapter 7: Corporate Governance of Banks in Developing Economies: Concepts and Issues

Thankom Gopinath Arun and John Turner

Extract

7. Corporate governance of banks in developing economies: concepts and issues Thankom Gopinath Arun and John Turner INTRODUCTION Although the subject of corporate governance in developing economies has recently received a lot of attention in the literature (Goswami, 2001; Lin, 2001; Malherbe and Segal, 2001; Oman, 2001), the corporate governance of banks in developing economies has been almost ignored by researchers (Caprio and Levine, 2002). Even in developed economies, the corporate governance of banks has only recently been discussed in the literature (Macey and O’Hara, 2003). In order to address this deficiency, this chapter discusses some of the key concepts and issues for the corporate governance of banks in developing economies. The corporate governance of banks in developing economies is important for several reasons. First, banks have an overwhelmingly dominant position in developing-economy financial systems, and are extremely important engines of economic growth (King and Levine, 1993a, 1993b; Levine, 1997). Second, as financial markets are usually underdeveloped, banks in developing economies are typically the most important source of finance for the majority of firms. Third, as well as providing a generally accepted means of payment, banks in developing countries are usually the main depository for the economy’s savings. Fourth, many developing economies have recently liberalized their banking systems through privatization/disinvestments and reducing the role of economic regulation. Consequently, managers of banks in these economies have obtained greater freedom in how they run their banks. In the next section, we argue that the unique nature of the banking firm, whether in...

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