The Role of Entrepreneurship Theory and Methods, Practice and Policy
Edited by Sameeksha Desai, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 6: Differentials in Industrial Structure and Human Capital Performance Across Australia’s Regions and the Settlement System
Robert J. Stimson 6.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter provides an overview of recent trends and spatial patterns of differentiation in a number of aspects of regional performance in Australia. The focus is specifically on two key aspects of contemporary economic transition, namely: ● ● changes in industry structure and levels of industry diversification; changes in qualifications and occupation levels – or human capital performance – at various levels of spatial scale across the national space economy. This chapter draws on recently completed research conducted by the Commonwealth Government’s Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics (BTRE) (2004a, 2004b) and by a group of researchers at the University of Queensland (UQ) (Stimson et al., 2004). The BTRE research has focused on analysing and modelling trends and patterns over the period 1991–2001 in the characteristics and changing spatial patterns of industry structure and of education, skills and qualifications in Australia, and on the relationship between those phenomena and regional employment size and of changes in regional income. The UQ research was conducted as an Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) National Project (referred to here as the ANTA/UQ study). It focused on analysing and mapping the characteristics and patterns of work, employment, skills, income and other selected socio-economic variables across Australia’s cities, towns and urban localities at the 2001 Census, and on developing a typology of statistical local areas (SLAs) to differentiate places according 76 M2652 - DESAI PRINT.indd 76 28/06/2011 16:02 Differentials across Australia’s regions 77 to their position on a ‘continuum of opportunity–vulnerability’ measuring...
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