The Making of International Environmental Treaties Neoliberal and Constructivist Analyses of Normative Evolution
Neoliberal and Constructivist Analyses of Normative Evolution
Chapter 5: Let’s Be Careful, It’s a Jungle Out There: The International Tropical Timber Organization and Sustainable Forestry
5. Let’s be careful, it’s a jungle out there: the International Tropical Timber Organization and sustainable forestry* Death is one thing: an end to birth is something else1 INTRODUCTION Many people today worry about the destruction of our tropical forests and what this may entail for species diversity and climate change.2 The ensuing global debate has crystallized to a great extent around the logging that is generally perceived as the main cause of deforestation.3 On the other hand, * A version of this chapter appears as ‘The International Tropical Timber Organisation and Conservationist Forestry Norms: A Bridge Too Far’, Journal of South Pacific Law, 13, no. 2 (2009). 1 Drs Michael E. Soule and Bruce A. Wilcox. Quoted in Norman Myers, ‘The Future of Forests’, in The Fragile Environment: The Darwin College Lectures ed. Laurie Friday and Ronald Laskey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 29. 2 Jutta Brunnee, ‘A Conceptual Framework for an International Forests Convention: Customary Law and Emerging Principles in Global Forests and International Law’, in Global Forests and International Law, ed. Canadian Council of International Law (London: Kluwer Law International, 1996), 41. What constitutes a tropical forest remains contested. Marie-Claude Smouts, Tropical Forests, International Jungle: The Underside of Global Ecopolitics (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), 5. There is a tendency to treat tropical forests as ‘monolithic’ in nature, whereas in reality there are many different types of tropical forests ranging from rainforests in the wetter equatorial and tropical areas to semi-deciduous and deciduous forests. Duncan Poore, Changing Landscapes:...
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