State and Local Fiscal Policy
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State and Local Fiscal Policy

Thinking Outside the Box?

Edited by Sally Wallace

In this broad and illuminating work, experts on public finance discuss innovations in state and local tax policy that have been implemented or considered over the course of the last three decades. The authors provide original work that analyzes whether state and local governments have ‘gone outside the box’ to deal with the strains of current public finances or have gotten along by adhering to the status quo. This book provides researchers, students and policy makers with evaluations and analyses by well-known scholars in the area of state and local public finance of actual practices and analysis of potential policy changes for the future.
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Discussant Comments

Kurt Thurmaier


Comments on ‘Reaching and maintaining structural balance: leaders in the states’ and ‘Fiscal limitations on local choice: the imposition and effects of local government tax and expenditure limitations’ Kurt Thurmaier At first glance, there would not seem to be much conjunction of the contributions by Katherine Willoughby and Daniel Mullins in this volume. Willoughby discusses performance management issues at the state level, and Mullins analyzes the cumulative impact of decades of tax and expenditure limitations on local governments. Considered together, however, these contributions are complementary analyses that bring insight into the current and future flexibility of state and local governments to manage the current fiscal crisis and to evolve with emerging fiscal conditions and demands. Willoughby’s analysis of state finances and budgeting focuses attention on how states are reaching and maintaining structural balance. The Government Performance Project (GPP)1 has provided descriptive reporting of multiple measures of financial performance of states for several years. Willoughby draws our attention to structural balance in the states because there are many fiscal policy issues reflected in whether or not a state has a strong, moderate or weak structural balance performance. Structural balance is defined as: ‘the ability of government to support ongoing expenditures with ongoing revenues – this concept is measured by examining tax structures, the existence of countercyclical devices, financial management strategies and various fiscal ratios’. More specifically, the GPP measures structural balance as ‘year-end unreserved budget balance (general fund balance plus rainy-day fund balance) as a percentage of general fund expenditures’. There...

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