Structural Changes and Subsidiarity in Italy and Britain
Edited by Alberto Brugnoli and Alessandro Colombo
Chapter 7: The Lombardy model of governance
Since the 1990s, Italy has proceeded along the path of significantly enhanced regionalization. Greater autonomy has been granted to regions and a constitutional reform process has been put in place with significant progress towards a decentralized formal distribution of competences. Nevertheless, Italian regionalism still remains heavily characterized by the legacy of a centralizedstatist approach, which is reflected particularly in centralized financial controls and decision-making mechanisms. The institutional process of delegation of powers, which has taken place since the 1970s, brought about a kind of schizophrenic result; although services and responsibilities have been transferred to regions, ultimate competencies (such as the determination of minimum levels of provisions) and financial provisions still remain in the remit of the central state power. Within this context, Lombardy has developed a distinctive approach. Structural reforms have been established and inspired by principles of governance derived from the concept of subsidiarity.
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