Emerging Clusters
Show Less

Emerging Clusters

Theoretical, Empirical and Political Perspectives on the Initial Stage of Cluster Evolution

Edited by Dirk Fornahl, Sebastian Henn and Max-Peter Menzel

This book rigorously explores the critical, initial stage of cluster emergence in which the seeds for further growth are sown. Whether economic growth actually occurs, however, ultimately depends on various regional conditions and the processes in place.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 3: Economic Policy and its Impact on the Evolution of Clusters and Spatial Systems Exemplified by German TV Programme Production

Ansgar Dorenkamp and Ivo Mossig


Ansgar Dorenkamp and Ivo Mossig INTRODUCTION 1 When news emerged throughout German media in November 2008 that the private broadcasting company Sat.1 intended to give up its location in Berlin and relocate its business to Munich in order to reduce costs (Spiegel Online 2008), this news provoked different political echoes. While Bavarian politicians interpreted the company’s plans as a proof of Bavaria’s economic attractiveness, Berlin’s governing mayor Klaus Wowereit said that such a decision was unacceptable. This comment was justified by the fact that the federal state of Berlin had supported the Sat.1 company before by providing investment grants. These financial aids were granted on condition that Sat.1 was ready to guarantee to stay in Berlin and maintain jobs until 2012. In this context Berlin’s Minister of Economic Affairs Harald Wolf announced that he would reclaim these grants if the company did not give the binding promise to preserve jobs in Berlin (Morgenpost Online 2008). Two months later it was noted that Sat.1, starting from January 2009, would continue to employ 114 of formerly 350 employees in Berlin in spite of relocating to Munich. Capital investment grants like those paid to Sat.1 in Berlin rank among governmental incentives. By granting these incentives political authorities try to influence the behaviour of companies in favour of specific locations (Schätzl 1994, 46 ff.). Schätzl (1994, 13) calls this deliberate promotion of certain locations ‘location policies’ (Standortpolitik). Location policy aims at stimulating economic growth and employment by politically supporting existing enterprises or...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.