Sustainable Cities
Show Less

Sustainable Cities

Diversity, Economic Growth and Social Cohesion

Edited by Maddy Janssens, Dino Pinelli, Dafne C. Reyman and Sandra Wallmann

This book focuses on cities, their relationships with each other and the disparities between them. Analysing cities as the places where diversity is especially apparent, where cultural richness is experienced and where conflicts often erupt, it illustrates how cultures and cultural diversity interact with economic growth and development.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 5: Cultural Diversity and Conflict in Multicultural Cities: The Case of Baroda

Alaknanda Patel


* Alaknanda Patel This chapter brings the focus to Baroda in the Indian state of Gujarat and traces changes in the structure and experience of diversity through historical time. Baroda provides important insights into the specifics of ethnic conflict. In Baroda, Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jain, Jewish and Zoroastrian faiths each sustain their own cultural identity and lifestyle. This diversity is complicated by the fact that the large Hindu and Muslim populations are not uniform cultures; sub-groups defined by caste or sect have distinct social practices and habits of food and dress, and very different attitudes to one another. This case is a nice illustration of an approach based on ethnicity. There were clear fault lines, clear boundaries linked to cultural background. However, this type of outcome was only accepted in affluent times. As long as the economy was buoyant and the state secure, the various groups stayed separate in a prosperous ‘oasis of harmony and peace’. But in 1969 change began to shatter the mosaic. In 2002, with job growth at a 15-year low, widespread violence erupted between Hindus and Muslims, with rampant killing, looting and destruction of temples and property. It is crucial that in the ‘good diversity’ period, the two communities had an agreed set of rules, clear boundaries and a shared desire to oust the colonial British; and that in the ‘bad’ period the rules and boundaries are eroded and there is no longer a common issue. Opposition against the British (the common issue) kept negotiation open. As...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.