Diversity, Economic Growth and Social Cohesion
- The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Maddy Janssens, Dino Pinelli, Dafne C. Reyman and Sandra Wallmann
Chapter 9: Diversity, Deprivation and Space: A Comparison of Immigrant Neighbourhoods in Germany, Denmark and Britain
David M. May This chapter, like the Battersea piece, explores the effect of local infrastructure on the opportunities, experience and relationships of migrants moving into or living in mixed urban areas. It shows how the interplay of spatial and social structures in urban neighbourhoods creates or disrupts the opportunities and relationships of old and new residents. This case depends on wide-ranging comparison of parts of Dortmund, Sheffield, Copenhagen and Arhus. Two of the areas are old neighbourhoods, two are new developments; and the contrast is greatest along this dimension. In the old neighbourhoods, the heterogeneity of housing options, in terms of tenure and the type and size of housing, and of work options, created by closeness to the city centre, give the immigrants a diverse range of possibilities for securing a livelihood. In the new developments, by contrast, peripheral location and spatial barriers combine to limit access to the rest of the city and reduce the likelihood of interaction with the indigenous population – among whom the main employers. This separateness inevitably limits interrelatedness and thus the integration process and growth of mutual understanding. Like the previous case, this one concludes that heterogeneity in the local system multiplies economic and identity options and allows open access to them. It confirms the observation that the more heterogeneous and open the system, the ‘better’ the outcome of diversity. 9.1 INTRODUCTION Cultural diversity in European cities is found primarily in deprived neighbourhoods with a high number of immigrants from outside the EU.1 Spatial structures...
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