Edited by Roger King, Simon Marginson and Rajani Naidoo
Chapter 10: Introduction to Part II
Rajani Naidoo In Part II the focus is on the positioning strategies of national systems and institutions within the realm of global imaginings and universities operating at the intersection of the global, national and local. Authors point to the influence of powerful but fluctuating global influences that are mediated by specific economic arrangements, geopolitical positions, and the nature, structure and governance of national higher education systems. As we see from the rich array of perspectives and localities in this part, such strategies result in the mimicry, recontextualization and displacement of global templates as well as convergences and divergences across nation-states. New models of higher education internationalization that are emerging in certain regions also reveal that the globalization of higher education cannot be simply conflated with hegemonic models that are dominant in Western Europe and the USA. These chapters taken together offer a diversity of interpretations of the changing relationships between the global, national and local, and provide important analyses of the consequences of the enhanced positioning of higher education in relation to political, economic and cultural change. The opening chapter by Ka Ho Mok (Chapter 11) compares the initiatives of governments in Singapore, Hong Kong and Malaysia to develop their societies into regional hubs of education. He illustrates how, in this context, transnational education has become increasingly popular since the expansion of higher education not only improves the quality of national populations but also helps to assert each country’s influence in the global context. Mok’s chapter illustrates how the quest...
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