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Edited by Roger King, Simon Marginson and Rajani Naidoo
13 Globalization and higher education in Canada Glen A. Jones and Julian Weinrib INTRODUCTION Our objective in this chapter is to critically analyze globalization and higher education in Canada by focusing on the impact of, and resistance to, globalizing pressures in selected policy areas within the Canadian context. Canada is an interesting case study because of the highly decentralized structure of its higher education policy environment and the country’s historic preoccupation with maintaining cultural and political sovereignty from its powerful neighbor to the south (USA), while benefiting from its close economic ties with it. We begin by providing a brief introduction to the structure of higher education in Canada followed by a discussion of three selected policy areas: internationalization, including student and faculty mobility; research and innovation; and evaluation and quality assurance. While it is impossible to provide a comprehensive analysis of the Canadian case in a single chapter, we believe that a discussion of globalization in relation to these three policy areas illustrates key features of the Canadian context. HIGHER EDUCATION IN CANADA Canada is a highly industrialized nation that forms the top half of the North American continent above the USA and Mexico. The second-largest (geographically) nation on earth (after Russia), Canada has a population of just over 34 million (Statistics Canada, 2010). It is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries and it has the lowest population of any G8 nation. The aboriginal populations that resided in the area that was later to become Canada were...
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