Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education
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Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education

Edited by Roger King, Simon Marginson and Rajani Naidoo

Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition.
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Chapter 22: Introduction to Part III

Roger King


Roger King In Part III the authors examine the various aspects of the governance and steering of higher education in the global era. More specifically the contributions examine the interplay of various levels of governance, of the national and the transnational, and the governmental and the non-governmental. In the opening chapter, Simon Marginson observes that universities and higher education systems operate in global, national and local dimensions simultaneously – they are ‘glonacal’ organizations. Yet the global grows ever more important. The three key world imaginaries of world market, global status competition, and open source knowledge and networks increasingly influence university presidents and higher education policymakers. The chapter examines particularly the global strategizing that follows such imaginings but that takes place for actors within structures of constraint and opportunity, and that are strongly influenced by conceptions of the self and the availability of resources. The interplay is of a world that is structured as ‘out there’ and one in which ‘structure’ is experienced more immediately and hermeneutically as being more or less constraining. Yet not all these world imaginaries are resonant with global higher education and research. Marginson points to only the partial cross-border relevance of a universal global market imaginary for global higher education. He instances the failure of electronic-only universities that ignore the continued relevance of place and nation for university identities and attractiveness for students and other clients. Rather it is the worlds of status competition and open source and other networks that appear to count for more, and...

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