Edited by Anastassios Gentzoglanis and Anders Henten
Chapter 15: Mobile Internet Developments in Europe, East Asia and the US
Morten Falch, Anders Henten and Karsten Vandrup 15.1 INTRODUCTION The chapter firstly examines how European countries are positioned with respect to the diffusion of new mobile and wireless data technologies and services as compared to the two most advanced East Asian countries, Japan and South Korea, and to the US and Canada. Secondly, the chapter discusses central factors which contribute to the explanation for the differences in the development of the countries and regions in question. For a period of time, Europe dominated the mobile scene with the second generation Global System for Mobile communications (2G GSM) technology, which was developed as a European standard and spread to large parts of the rest of the world. But with regard to the early versions of data services on mobile platforms (for example, i-mode, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and general packet radio service (GPRS) – often termed 2.5G), Japan and Korea took the lead, and the same applies to data services on 3G platforms and beyond (3.5G). The US, on the other hand, has trailed behind Japan and Korea and also the leading countries in Europe regarding mobile technologies and services, but is clearly the world leader in networked information technology (IT) on fixed platforms. Lately, however, the US seems to be catching up with Europe in the mobile field. These developments are what the chapter aims at discussing in terms of facts and explanations. Europe is a diverse market, including Scandinavia, being in the lead with respect to the use of information...
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