- Studies in EU Reform and Enlargement series
Edited by Dieter Fuchs and Hans-Dieter Klingemann
Chapter 1: Cultural Diversity, European Identity and Legitimacy of the EU: A Review of the Debate
1. Cultural diversity, European identity and legitimacy of the EU: A review of the debate Olivier Ruchet There is nothing more difficult to execute, nor more dubious of success, nor more dangerous to administer, than to introduce a new system of things: for he who introduces it has all those who profit from the old system as his enemies and he has only lukewarm allies in all those who might profit from the new system. (Machiavelli, The Prince, VI, 94) The question of the legitimacy of the European Union (EU) has largely been triggered by what Philippe C. Schmitter once described as ‘the growing dissociation between territorial constituencies and functional competences’1 that characterizes in part the project of European integration. The question has yielded a vast literature over the years, particularly since the publication of the Tindemans report in 1975.2 In this report, for the very first time, the distance between the citizens and the institutions of the European Communities was acknowledged and presented as a source of tension for European integration.3 Since then, the literature, academic and otherwise, has developed in impressive proportions. This chapter presents the different moments and debates of this literature, from portraying the European Union as a ‘superstate’ beset by a strong and multifaceted democratic deficit, to revisionist accounts of the legitimacy question brushing aside such concerns. The chapter argues that these debates, centred in large part on institutional disputes about the legitimacy of an intergovernmental organization, too often overlook the critical dimension of cultural...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.