Australia and the USA Compared
- Monash Studies in Global Movements series
Edited by John Higley, John Nieuwenhuysen and Stine Neerup
7. Immigration and the United States labour market Brian Duncan and Stephen J. Trejo Over the last several decades two of the most significant developments in the US labour market have been rising inequality and growth in both the size and the diversity of immigration flows. Because a large share of new immigrants arrive with very low levels of schooling, English proficiency and other skills that have become increasingly important determinants of success in the labour market, an obvious concern is that such immigrants are a poor fit for the restructured US economy. In this chapter we evaluate this concern by discussing evidence for the US on two relevant topics: the labour market integration of immigrants and the impact of immigration on the wages and employment opportunities of native workers. To set the stage regarding immigrant skills we calculated the educational distributions of native and immigrant men from US Census microdata for the year 2000.1 Fully a third of foreign-born men have less than 12 years of schooling, compared to only 9 per cent of native-born men. The contrast is even more striking for men with less than nine years of schooling; this group represents 24 per cent of the immigrant population and less than 3 per cent of the native population. Looking at this same phenomenon from a slightly different perspective, immigrants comprise only about 13 per cent of the overall sample of men, but they make up 35 per cent of the men with less than 12 years...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.