Rural–Urban Migration in China and Indonesia
Edited by Xin Meng, Chris Manning, Li Shi and Tadjuddin Nur Effendi
Chapter 8: Assessing the Welfare of Migrant and Non-migrant Households in Four Indonesian Cities: Some Demographic, Social and Employment Characteristics
Tadjuddin Noer Effendi, Mujiyani, Fina Itriyati, Danang Arif Darmawan and Derajad S. Widhyharto 1 INTRODUCTION This chapter examines the demographic, social and employment characteristics of migrant and non-migrant households in Indonesia, and assesses their welfare. It is based on a survey of 2,371 households conducted in four Indonesian cities as part of the Rural-Urban Migration in China and Indonesia (RUMiCI) project. In line with the project's longitudinal approach, in both countries the surveys will be conducted annually among the same sample of households for five years. This chapter describes the results of the first round of the Rural-Urban Migration in Indonesia (RUMiI) survey, based on crosssectional data collected in March-May 2008. To flag the main findings, we find several important differences between migrant and non-migrant households, but also between recent migrants on the one hand and lifetime migrants and non-migrants on the other. It appears that, over time, migrants take on the characteristics of the resident urban population, suggesting the existence of relatively high levels of social and economic mobility. The chapter is organized as follows. In the next section, we provide an overview of the history and general patterns of migration in Indonesia. In section 3, we look briefly at methodology. The fourth section describes the main demographic, social and workforce characteristics of individual household heads 153 154 The Great Migration and family members, as well as household characteristics such as housing conditions and the incidence of poverty. In the fifth section, we focus on differences between migrant...
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