Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development
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Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development

Development Agendas in a Changing World

Edited by Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz and Pedro Roffe

This comprehensive book considers new and emerging IP issues from a development perspective, examining recent trends and developments in this area. Presenting an overview of the IP landscape in general, the contributing authors subsequently narrow their focus, providing wide-ranging case studies from countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America on topical issues in the current IP discourse. These include the impact of IP on the pharmaceutical sector, the protection of life forms and traditional knowledge, geographical indications, access to knowledge and public research institutes, and the role of competition policy. The challenges developing countries face in the TRIPS-Plus world are also explored in detail.
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Chapter 4: A Perspective on Reform in Arab Countries

Ahmed Abdel Latif


Ahmed Abdel Latif INTRODUCTION The conclusion of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), from the Uruguay Round of Trade Negotiations (1994), ushered in an unprecedented interest in the protection of intellectual property (IP), particularly concerning the impact of new global IP rules on developing countries. Developments relating to the protection of IP in the Arab world, however, have generally received less attention than those in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In recent years, the dominant discourse on IP in the Arab world has focused mainly on the importance of compliance with international IP obligations and the enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPRs). In response, the aim of this chapter is to stress the need for Arab countries to adopt a more development-oriented perspective on IP protection that views this protection in the wider context of its relation to other public policy objectives and overall development efforts. Some general trends and developments in the field of IP and their impact on Arab countries are first examined. A number of recommendations are then suggested in order for Arab countries to advance towards more development-oriented IP policies. CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS AND TRENDS IN THE IP FIELD Current developments and trends in the field of IP can be observed at both institutional and substantive levels. Developments at the Institutional Level Two distinctive trends have appeared at the institutional level in recent years. The first relates to the proliferation of forums and processes involved in IP standard-setting in multilateral, regional and bilateral...

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