Edited by Ben Derudder, Michael Hoyler, Peter J. Taylor and Frank Witlox
Chapter 29: Planning for World Cities: Shifting Agendas and Differing Politics
Peter Newman and Andy Thornley At the heart of the debate about world cities has been the question of whether cities are just riding the waves of economic globalization or whether they are able to steer development and make real choices about social and environmental futures. Strategic planning of one form or another aims to guide the development of world cities. Planning, as defined by its professional associations across the world, has objectives that seek to balance the aims of economic efficiency, environmental sustainability, social welfare and local needs. It is therefore at the forefront of managing global/local tensions. In our view, the balance between these aims expresses the pressure of different interests and lobby groups. Planning priorities and the strategic policy response to economic globalization will therefore be shaped to a greater or lesser extent by urban politics and the processes of governance. On the ground economic globalization will be mediated by differing political traditions and we should expect styles of strategic planning to be shaped by these different contexts. How do we define strategic planning? We are interested in planning policy that is city-wide. Secondly, we are concerned with policy that has a spatial dimension and has implications for specific geographical areas within the city. This strategic, city-wide, spatial policy can take a number of forms. These vary from city-region plans, city master plans or strategic policy frameworks, through vision or mission statements, to a perhaps less coherent approach based around major key developments. Thirdly, we focus on...
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