Edited by Ben Derudder, Michael Hoyler, Peter J. Taylor and Frank Witlox
Chapter 30: Surveillance in the World City
David Murakami Wood INTRODUCTION Surveillance has often been portrayed as a pervasive global phenomenon but it is now being recognized that there are major differences in its character, scope and reception in specific places (Bennett and Lyon, 2008; Arteaga Botello, 2009; Murakami Wood, 2009; Zureik et al., 2010). As spaces where interactions between globalizing forces and local cultures are expected to be of a particularly intense nature, ‘global’ or ‘world cities’ offer a key test case for claims about the ubiquity of surveillance, and in particular those arguments that treat surveillance as a global or globalizing phenomenon. Rather than deal overmuch with theoretical arguments about surveillance or world cities, this chapter will set surveillance in its global urban context and draw on the results of research conducted in three major world cities: London, Tokyo and Rio de Janeiro, and consider the commonalities and differences between the kinds of surveillance practices, processes and technologies found in each place. The focus will largely be on video surveillance; however, it should be recognized that this is just one of a plethora of surveillance processes in contemporary world cities. A GLOBAL, URBAN SURVEILLANCE SOCIETY? Surveillance is the systematic collection, classification and sorting of information about subject populations for the purposes of behavioural adjustment or control (Dandeker, 1990; Lyon, 2001). It is a mode of ordering (Law, 1994), and has become perhaps the predominant one in contemporary urban societies (Lyon, 2007). One could argue that the city itself evolved partly as a mechanism for surveillance...
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