Pioneers of European Integration
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Pioneers of European Integration

Citizenship and Mobility in the EU

Edited by Ettore Recchi and Adrian Favell

The free movement of EU citizens is the most visible sociological consequence of the remarkable process of European integration that has transformed the continent since the Second World War. Pioneers of European Integration offers the first systematic analysis of the small but symbolically potent number of Europeans who have chosen to live and work as foreigners in another member state of the EU. Based on an original survey of 5000 people moving to and from the EU’s five largest countries, the book documents the demographic profile, migration choices, cultural adaptation, social mobility, political participation and media use of these pioneers of a transnational Europe, as well as opening a window to the new waves of intra-EU East–West migrations.
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Chapter 2: The Demographics of Movers and Stayers in the European Union

Michael Braun and Camelia Arsene


Michael Braun and Camelia Arsene INTRODUCTION Who are EU movers? Do they have some common demographic and background features? Are they different from the general population of the country they leave? And how do they compare to the population of the country they have settled in? These basic questions are addressed in this chapter. In it we describe the sociodemographic characteristics of the EU movers sampled by the PIONEUR project in 2004. First, we offer a brief summary of the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the quantitative EIMSS survey, outlining some challenges we faced in our analysis. Then, starting with an overview of the social and geographical background of movers, the development of migration over time, and the age at migration, we use the last two variables to arrive at a classification of migrants into four groups according to their duration of sojourn in the country of residence and their age at migration. We then go on to portray the four migrant groups with regard to a variety of other variables.1 The EIMSS survey defined its population of interest as all migrants from Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain – the five largest EU15 member states – who had moved to one or other of these same countries from 1974 through 2003, were adults at the time of migration, and have been living in their respective country of residence in 2004 for at least one year. From each country of origin/country of residence combination we sampled some 250 individuals, for an overall...

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