Citizenship and Mobility in the EU
Edited by Ettore Recchi and Adrian Favell
Chapter 3: Deciding to Move: Migration Projects in an Integrating Europe
Oscar Santacreu, Emiliana Baldoni and María Carmen Albert1 INTRA-EUROPEAN MIGRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF OTHER INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION The aim of this chapter is to describe the motivations, social organisation and previous mobility experiences that characterize intra-EU migration within the EU15. We thus focus on the subjective motivations, the history of migration, the personal networks and the family support structures of mobile citizens from Spain, Italy, France, Britain and Germany. As other migration scholars have pointed out (most notably King 2002), current migration patterns can no longer be captured within a traditional labour migration paradigm. Rather, they reflect emerging characteristics of European societies more generally: privileging flexibility in time and space, alternative modes of consumption and leisure, and a search for healthier environments, self-fulfilment, new lifestyles and a better quality of life. We provide answers to the following questions. Why do EU15 citizens migrate? How are their motivations distributed among the five countries under scrutiny? Do men and women share the same motivations? What is the role played by human capital? How do family, relationships and personal networks influence the migration decision-making process? Are migrants within the EU a ‘supermobile’ population? What is the part played by previous mobility experiences? Do movers retain the same motivations in subsequent mobility experiences? Is mobility within the EU ‘international’ or ‘internal’? The first part of this chapter looks at migration within the EU15 in the context of other studies on international migration, particularly the more widely available research on the EU10 new member...
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