Pioneers of European Integration
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Pioneers of European Integration

Citizenship and Mobility in the EU

Edited by Ettore Recchi and Adrian Favell

The free movement of EU citizens is the most visible sociological consequence of the remarkable process of European integration that has transformed the continent since the Second World War. Pioneers of European Integration offers the first systematic analysis of the small but symbolically potent number of Europeans who have chosen to live and work as foreigners in another member state of the EU. Based on an original survey of 5000 people moving to and from the EU’s five largest countries, the book documents the demographic profile, migration choices, cultural adaptation, social mobility, political participation and media use of these pioneers of a transnational Europe, as well as opening a window to the new waves of intra-EU East–West migrations.
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Chapter 3: Deciding to Move: Migration Projects in an Integrating Europe

Oscar Santacreu, Emiliana Baldoni and María Carmen Albert


Oscar Santacreu, Emiliana Baldoni and María Carmen Albert1 INTRA-EUROPEAN MIGRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF OTHER INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION The aim of this chapter is to describe the motivations, social organisation and previous mobility experiences that characterize intra-EU migration within the EU15. We thus focus on the subjective motivations, the history of migration, the personal networks and the family support structures of mobile citizens from Spain, Italy, France, Britain and Germany. As other migration scholars have pointed out (most notably King 2002), current migration patterns can no longer be captured within a traditional labour migration paradigm. Rather, they reflect emerging characteristics of European societies more generally: privileging flexibility in time and space, alternative modes of consumption and leisure, and a search for healthier environments, self-fulfilment, new lifestyles and a better quality of life. We provide answers to the following questions. Why do EU15 citizens migrate? How are their motivations distributed among the five countries under scrutiny? Do men and women share the same motivations? What is the role played by human capital? How do family, relationships and personal networks influence the migration decision-making process? Are migrants within the EU a ‘supermobile’ population? What is the part played by previous mobility experiences? Do movers retain the same motivations in subsequent mobility experiences? Is mobility within the EU ‘international’ or ‘internal’? The first part of this chapter looks at migration within the EU15 in the context of other studies on international migration, particularly the more widely available research on the EU10 new member...

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