Pioneers of European Integration
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Pioneers of European Integration

Citizenship and Mobility in the EU

Edited by Ettore Recchi and Adrian Favell

The free movement of EU citizens is the most visible sociological consequence of the remarkable process of European integration that has transformed the continent since the Second World War. Pioneers of European Integration offers the first systematic analysis of the small but symbolically potent number of Europeans who have chosen to live and work as foreigners in another member state of the EU. Based on an original survey of 5000 people moving to and from the EU’s five largest countries, the book documents the demographic profile, migration choices, cultural adaptation, social mobility, political participation and media use of these pioneers of a transnational Europe, as well as opening a window to the new waves of intra-EU East–West migrations.
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Appendix A: Methodological Notes


Michael Braun and Oscar Santacreu OVERVIEW OF PROJECT COMPONENTS The PIONEUR project is based on a mix of methods: primarily, a telephone survey of intra-EU movers, the European Internal Movers Social Survey (EIMSS), coupled with secondary analysis of existing surveys and qualitative interviews with EU internal movers (that is, migrants from Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain who moved to one of the other four countries) and external movers (nationals of Poland and Romania having migrated to the five Western countries included in the PIONEUR study). The methodological approach of the PIONEUR project is innovative in several respects, although certain limitations could not be avoided and should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results. The function of this appendix is thus to outline both the strengths and the weaknesses of the different empirical phases of the project. Several aspects of the project which pose limitations are described further below. In the following we will first give a succinct overview of all the project components and then describe the central part, the EIMSS survey, in more detail. We then conclude by pointing to the main strengths of the project design. The first step of the PIONEUR project consisted of secondary analyses of existing surveys such as the International Social Survey Programme, the Eurobarometer and the European Social Survey. Its aim was to characterize the respective stayer populations and make a list of questions which could also be used for the movers’ survey. As a second step, in each of the...

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