Chapter 4: The Personality Profile of US Top Executives
4 The personality profile of US top executives Andrew Sangster Scant research has been done on the personality profiles of top management: that is, the head of a business unit and his or her direct reports (Van Eynde and Tucker, 1996; Halikias and Panayotopoulou, 2003). If members of top management have an asymmetrically large effect on firm outcomes, and if behavior is a function of an individual’s enduring dispositions (i.e., his or her personality), it becomes particularly important to understand the ways in which these individuals differ from the adult norm (if, in fact, they do), and whether, and in what way, they differ among themselves. This study attempts to correct some of this deficiency in the literature by focusing specifically on the personality profiles of top management. There is, of course, a plethora of studies on personality, both normal (Allport and Odbert, 1936; Goldberg, 1981; Costa and McCrae, 1990) and abnormal (Hathaway and McKinley, 1951; Butcher and Spielberger, 1995; DSM-IV-TR, 2000). There are numerous studies of the population as a whole, studies contrasting US personality norms with those of other countries (McCrae and Costa, 1997b; Salgado, 1997), and studies of various subpopulations by occupation (Furnham and Stringfield, 1993; Gailbreath et al., 1997; Judge et al., 1999), and various other demographics (Collins and Gleaves, 1998). There are, not surprisingly, a number of studies on the personalities of managers in general (O’Connor et al., 1992; Gardner and Martinko, 1996; Carr, 2006), and of entrepreneurs (Fraboni and Saltstone, 1990; Malach-Pines et al...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.