Edited by Graeme A. Hodge, Diana M. Bowman and Andrew D. Maynard
Chapter 13: A Good Foundation? Regulatory Oversight of Nanotechnologies Using Cosmetics as a Case Study
Geert van Calster and Diana M. Bowman Whereas nanomaterials are likely to be the next ‘big thing’, especially given that manipulating all matter has been man’s ultimate dream for centuries (Schlyter, 2009: 4). On 24 April 2009 the European Parliament adopted a resolution on regulatory aspects of nanomaterials (European Parliament, 2009), the draft of which included the above quote.1 The resolution within the Parliament was significant for a number of reasons including that the Parliament voted at this time to include nano-specific provisions in cosmetics and food legislation. The resolution includes some important regulatory constraints for the manufacturers, importers and distributors within these two sectors, but in particular for those who have, or are looking to, incorporate engineered nanomaterials in products and place them onto the European Union (EU) market. Most importantly, the text testifies to the increased readiness within the regulatory community to adopt targeted, nano-specific regulation. The extract above also highlights the suspicion which does exist in regulatory quarters, especially in the EU and more particularly among the European Parliament, vis-à-vis not only the ambitions or indeed dreams of the scientific community, but also the way in which its own regulatory bodies regulate those ambitions. This chapter examines the adequacy of the current regulatory framework for cosmetics containing nanomaterials in the EU, with a specific focus on the adequacy of current risk assessment for assessing potential risks posed by nanomaterials. Issues of skin penetration and translocation will also be discussed. The focus of the review is on...
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