2. Analytical methods The word city usually refers to a concentrated residential area with a relatively high degree of urbanization. But countries vary from each other in terms of the concrete definition of city and the definition of its scope. Some take population size as the definition standard, while others take the historical, legal or administrative concept as the defining standard of city. In this report city refers to the concentrated residential area under the governance of an administrative management center, including not only the urbanized area, but also its linked ring of suburbs and villages. From this definition, it can be seen clearly that the city we refer to is a city in the administrative sense. Nevertheless, it is still necessary to explain the difference and connection between this concept of city and urbanized area and urban area specially. CITY AND REGION The administrative division varies from country to country. Some countries set up the administrative unit of region below state (province) and above city, such as China and India and many European countries. The administrative center of these regions is usually a dominating city, while the supreme administrative organ of the city governs some other cities. Under this circumstance, city only refers to the district itself, excluding other cities under it. CITY AND URBANIZED AREA The difference between city and urbanized area is that city is a region in the administrative sense, while urbanized area refers to a region in the social and economic sense, so that urbanized...
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