Appendix 1 Global urban competitiveness: specific data sources The data sources for the urban competitiveness indices are in two categories. The first is for the comprehensive competitiveness indices, and the second is for the subentry competitiveness indices. The sources for each are detailed in this appendix. DATA SOURCES OF COMPREHENSIVE COMPETITIVENESS INDEXES 1 Nominal Exchange Rate/PPP Exchange Rate The data come from the website of World Bank (http://www.worldbank.org). 2 Gross Domestic Product The data for the gross domestic product primarily come from official websites of the cities; municipal, regional or national statistical websites; websites of municipal, regional or national departments; municipal, regional or national statistical yearbook; statistical report of the European Union, Wikipedia website (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Main_Page); national GDP rank by the World Bank; websites of city mayors (http:// www.citymayors.com) and relevant reports on the Internet media. 3 GDP per Capita Data source: same as the gross domestic product. 4 GDP per Square Kilometer Data source: same as the gross domestic product. 5 Real Economic Growth Rate (for 5 Years) Data source: same as the gross domestic product. 6 Employment Rate Data source: same as the gross domestic product. 158 Appendix 1: specific data sources 159 7 Labor Productivity Data source: same as the gross domestic product. 8 Number of International Patent Applications Data source: website of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (http:// www.wipo.int/). 9 Multinational Corporation Score Data source: websites of sample enterprises. DATA SOURCES OF SUBENTRY COMPETITIVENESS INDEXES 1 Enterprise Quality Zl.1.1 Social...
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