Edited by D. Bruce Johnstone, Madeleine B. d’Ambrosio and Paul J. Yakoboski
Chapter 4: International Research Collaborations
Elizabeth D. Capaldi All research collaborations are complicated. There are issues of credit given to each investigator, intellectual property, financing, animal and human subjects, facilities, equipment and staff. These issues apply for all collaborations, including those within the United States. When borders are crossed even more complexities emerge. Yet international research collaborations are increasing and will likely continue to do so. We discuss here reasons to forecast an increase in international research collaborations and then review the complexities so that those who become involved have open eyes and the benefit of the experience of others. REASONS FOR INCREASING INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH COLLABORATIONS Problems Require an International Approach The problems facing the planet that science can help solve often demand an international approach. Global warming, diseases that know no borders, cyber security, terrorism: all of these (and many more) are problems that we have to work on together. Funding for this type of research comes from governments, foundations and global corporations. For example, Arizona State University is getting some funding from the government of Ireland, the Rothschild Institute, USAID and the US Institute for Justice for a project to study how to resolve social conflict, a problem of worldwide importance and relevance. University collaborations jointly supported by the National Science Foundation and USAID work on such key initiatives as hunger and disease eradication, ecosystem assessment and science-based entrepreneurship in support of some of the poorest people on the planet. Today, development challenges often have a distinctly global context, including managing catastrophic natural...
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