Three Hundred Years Since the Statute of Anne, from 1709 to Cyberspace
Edited by Lionel Bently, Uma Suthersanen and Paul Torremans
Chapter 17: Digital Libraries: Collective Administration for Online Libraries – A Rightsholders’ Dream or an Outdated Illusion?
Tarja Koskinen-Olsson* 1 INTRODUCTION Starting in 2005 as a vision called the European Digital Library (EDL), Europeana1 is now a reality. Since late 2008 it has functioned in pilot form as a common portal to digitised collections in various European libraries, archives and museums. Permissions are needed for online exploitation of works protected by copyright and related rights by libraries. Such permissions can be given by rights holders themselves or by their representatives, such as collective management organisations (CMOs). The primary goal is to clear the necessary rights for online exploitation effectively. Whether it takes place by way of individual exercise or collective management is a subordinate issue. In the following, I explain the state-of-play by way of concrete initiatives and examples from various European countries. I leave it for the reader to judge whether the scenario is a dream or an illusion. * Tarja Koskinen-Olsson is an international expert in intellectual property rights with management of copyright and related rights as special focus. She is a member of the High Level Expert Group of the European Commission on the European Digital Library Initiative. She was elected as Honorary President of IFRRO (the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations) in 2001, having served as the Chair from 1993 to 1999. She worked as the CEO of KOPIOSTO, the Joint Finnish Collective Management Organization, from 1987 to 2003. Her career started with the Finnish Composers’ International Copyright Society, TEOSTO. 1 europeana – think culture at http://www.europeana.eu/portal/. 252 Collective administration for online libraries...
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