Nature-based Tourism and Conservation
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Nature-based Tourism and Conservation

New Economic Insights and Case Studies

Clem Tisdell and Clevo Wilson

Nature-based Tourism and Conservation unearths new or neglected principles relevant to tourism and recreational economics, environmental valuation and economic theory. Its three parts have chapters on nature-based tourism and its relationships to conservation including case studies dealing with the consequences of World Heritage listing of natural sites, Antarctic, subtropical and tropical national park-based tourism and an NGO’s conservation efforts modelled on ecotourism. The final part focuses on tourism utilizing particular wildlife, including sea turtles, whales, penguins, royal albatross, glow-worms and tree kangaroos.
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Chapter 10: The Role of Open-cycle Hatcheries Relying on Tourism in Sea Turtle Conservation: A Blessing or a Threat?

Clem Tisdell and Clevo Wilson


* 10.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter examines the potential conservation benefits that can be derived from well-conducted open-cycle hatcheries, especially in developing countries as an ex situ conservation tool. In many developing countries where beaches and sea turtle eggs are a common property resource and where the illegal demand for sea turtle egg consumption is high, ex situ conservation becomes the only viable conservation tool. Regulatory approaches, including patrolling of beaches to protect sea turtle eggs from poachers, are not a sustainable option. Despite the potential of open-cycle hatcheries as an ex situ conservation tool recommended by some conservation bodies and government agencies where other options have either failed or are not workable, the existence of hatcheries that are closely linked with tourism and profit-making raises many questions. This is especially so with regard to the survival of hatchlings and their ability to grow into adults (see, for example, Hamann et al., 2007; Pilcher and Enderby, 2001). Despite some consensus and doubts raised about the conservation benefits, open-cycle turtle hatcheries are now well established in many developing countries such as Sri Lanka where sea turtles nest regularly. These hatcheries depend on the collection of sea turtle eggs from the wild to provide their turtle stock and rely almost entirely on tourists for their continuing economic viability. The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate, as discussed in Tisdell and Wilson (2005), the extent of the problem in some developing countries of sea turtle egg collecting from the wild for human consumption and...

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