New Economic Insights and Case Studies
16. General conclusions 16.1 INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to highlight the general conclusions that can be drawn from the case studies reported on in this book. This means that conclusions specific to tourism at particular tour sites or to particular wildlife species utilised for tourism receive little attention in this chapter. The reader can refer to the individual chapters to identify these more detailed findings. The general conclusions are reported in a similar sequence to that of the individual chapters in this book and prefaced by some relevant observations on the background material presented in Part I. 16.2 GENERAL CONCLUSIONS FROM CHAPTER 1 Among other things, Chapter 1 discussed the possible classification of different types of nature-based tourism and their implications for the conservation of nature, including the maintenance of wild biodiversity. In doing so, it noted important limitations to the concepts of ecotourism and sustainable tourism. It was argued that the belief is false that only non-consumptive tourism based on natural areas is supportive of environmental conservation, including the preservation of wild biodiversity. Non-consumptive tourism can in fact be environmentally destructive in some circumstances; and tourism using captive or semi-captive species (or dependent on landscapes and ecosystems that are no longer natural) can make a positive contribution to the conservation of wild biodiversity. Nevertheless, a possible drawback of relying on human altered or managed environments for biodiversity conservation is that many require continuing human effort to sustain them. There is no guarantee that such effort will...
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