Can One Size Fit All?
Edited by Annette Kur and Vytautas Mizaras
Chapter 10: Individual, Multiple and Collective Ownership of Intellectual Property Rights – Which Impact on Exclusivity?
Alexander Peukert* 1. INTRODUCTION The TRIPS Agreement covers no fewer than seven categories of intellectual property (IP) rights.1 National IP law may comprise even more types of IP rights. In German law, for example, plant varieties and utility models are also governed by specific acts.2 In addition, there are IP-related statutes on employee inventions, copyright collecting societies, etc.3 All these issues are regulated on a national, regional4 and international level. * Dr. iur., Professor of Law, Chair for Civil Law, Commercial Law and Intellectual Property Law, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Cluster of Excellence Normative Orders, http://www.jura.uni-frankfurt.de/peukert/. 1 See Art. 1(2) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), available at http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/ legal_e/27-trips.pdf (accessed 2 February 2010): Copyright and Related Rights, Trademarks, Geographical Indications, Industrial Designs, Patents, LayoutDesigns (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits, and the Protection of Undisclosed Information. 2 German Plant Variety Protection Act (Sortenschutzgesetz), available at http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/sortschg_1985/index.html (accessed 19 January 2010); German Utility Models Act (Gebrauchsmustergesetz), available at http:// www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gebrmg/ (accessed 19 January 2010). 3 German Employee Inventions Act (Gesetz über Arbeitnehmererfindungen), available at http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/arbnerfg/ (accessed 19 January 2010); German Law on the Administration of Copyright and Neighboring Rights (Urheberrechtswahrnehmungsgesetz), available at http://www.gesetze-im-internet. de/ urhwahrng/index.html (accessed 19 January 2010). 4 See the EU rights in trademarks (Council Regulation (EC) No. 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the Community trade mark (codified version), OJ L 78, 24 March 2009, p. 1), designs (Council Regulation (EC) No. 6/2002 of 12 December...
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