Handbook of Intuition Research
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Handbook of Intuition Research

Edited by Marta Sinclair

This groundbreaking interdisciplinary Handbook showcases the latest intuition research, providing an integrated framework that reconciles opposing views on what intuition is and how it works. The internationally renowned group of contributors explores different facets of the intuiting process and its outcome, the role of consciousness and affect in intuition, and alternate ways of capturing it. They tackle the function of intuition in expertise, strategy, entrepreneurship, and ethics and outline intuitive decision-making in the legal profession, medicine, film and wine industry, and teaching. The Handbook pushes the boundaries of our current understanding by exploring the possibility of non-local intuition based on the principles of quantum holography and investigating new techniques for developing intuitive skills.
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Chapter 13: Intuitive Decision Making in Emergency Medicine: An Explorative Study

Christian Harteis, Christian Morgenthaler, Christine Kugler, Gabriel Roth, Bernhard Graf and Barbara Morgenthaler


Christian Harteis, Barbara Morgenthaler, Christine Kugler, Karl-Peter Ittner, Gabriel Roth and Bernhard Graf Emergency physicians undertake demanding and responsible work, often in situations that call for quick and competent actions in order to save life and preserve health. In most cases it is impossible to fully appraise an accident location, to conduct a complete anamnesis or to determine a patient’s medical history. Rather, emergency physicians have to initiate appropriate interventions without deliberated analyses by making spontaneous decisions (Leprohon & Patel, 1995). The reliable appropriateness of these decisions determines the quality of the physician’s performance. As emergency medicine cases are generally not standard but rather vary with regard to problems and challenges, experience and routines cannot fully explain an emergency physician’s capability to cope competently with the demands of an emergency situation. It might be intuition which enables them to perform at a high level under conditions as described above (King & Macleod Clark, 2002). WHAT EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS NEED: A STABLE AND RELIABLE HIGH PERFORMANCE Following Posner (1988), expertise is the general basis for enabling individuals to perform consistently at a high level. Hence, this section briefly discusses the state of research on expertise which indicates that intuition is an important component of it. A general idea of information processing provides opportunities for an empirical assessment of the phenomenon of intuition. Expertise Research Expertise research usually describes the development of individual knowledge structures during the development from novice to expert. This approach dates from studies on chess which investigated the role of memory...

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