Creating Cooperation through Boundary Spanning Strategies
Edited by Hans Bressers and Kris Lulofs
Chapter 4: The Temporal Dimensions of Boundary Judgements
Aysun Özen Tacer INTRODUCTION 4.1 ‘We do not want plan, we want plav.’1 Quote from the primary opposition party in Turkey responding to the five-year development plan in discussion. Most policy decisions and actions within the domain of water resource management have delayed consequences, which introduces temporal dimensions at which boundary spanners might focus. Delay may not be perceived identically by all actors, the delay may lower the perceived magnitude and impact of future outcomes by some actors and delay may also be beyond the time horizon of some actors. And of course stemming from the above issues, delay may be a cause of conflict or dilemma. This touches upon time as one of the three dimensions of boundary judgements alongside sectors and scales. In this chapter the time dimension will be elaborated in a cognitive approach, also addressing implications for boundary spanning and boundary spanners. The time dimension itself will be assessed as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. A case of water depletion threat is analyzed in order to illustrate the arguments. As we will refer to in the case study in the following sections, farmers who overdraw groundwater for irrigation act rationally from an individual and short-term point of view, as this behaviour means more water is available for irrigation and hence more crops, while, on the other hand, in the long term this means less water is available to all farmers who draw water from the same underground resource. The structure of this chapter is as follows. In Section...
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