Innovation and Technological Catch-Up
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Innovation and Technological Catch-Up

The Changing Geography of Wine Production

Edited by Elisa Giuliani, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the supremacy of ‘Old World’ countries (France and Italy) in the international wine market has been challenged by new players, such as Australia, Argentina, Chile and South Africa, which are recording stunning performances in terms both of export volume and value. This book demonstrates that such a spectacular example of catch-up goes beyond simply copying new technologies; it entails creative adaptation and innovation, and introduces a new growth trajectory in which consistent investments in research and science play a key role.
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Chapter 3: The Changing Geography of Science in Wine: Evidence from Emerging Countries

Lorenzo Cassi, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti


Lorenzo Cassi, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti 1 INTRODUCTION Universities and public research organizations (PROs) are key actors in national innovation systems, their primary mission being to enhance indigenous scientific and technological knowledge (Amsden, 1989; Lall, 1992; Nelson, 1993; Fagerberg and Godinho, 2005; Brundenius et al., 2009). Increasingly, beyond their traditional activities in education, training and research they also undertake a ‘third mission’, interacting with industry and contributing to the development and upgrading of the domestic technological and production capabilities (Mowery and Sampat, 2005; Yusuf and Nabeshima, 2007). In the advanced economies, a literature on scientific and research productivity of the different institutional contexts (for example, USA versus Europe) has flourished in recent years (Dosi et al., 2006; Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000). Instead, as pointed out by Mazzoleni (2008) in less developed countries, a good understanding of the contribution and the functioning of research organizations is still a long way off. Nonetheless, in scientific areas such as agriculture there is clearly a need to undertake research locally and develop knowledge and technologies suited to the specific conditions of each country and region (Vessuri, 1990; Albuquerque, 2004). A study on the wine sector represents a very interesting case in which to investigate whether the economic catch-up (if not forging ahead) between latecomers and forerunners is associated with a similar catch-up process in their scientific capabilities. As discussed in Chapter 2 by Cusmano et al., since the beginning of the 1990s the supremacy of Old World longstanding wine leaders such as Italy...

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