The Changing Geography of Wine Production
Edited by Elisa Giuliani, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti
Chapter 3: The Changing Geography of Science in Wine: Evidence from Emerging Countries
3. The changing geography of science in wine: evidence from emerging countries Lorenzo Cassi, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti 1 INTRODUCTION Universities and public research organizations (PROs) are key actors in national innovation systems, their primary mission being to enhance indigenous scientific and technological knowledge (Amsden, 1989; Lall, 1992; Nelson, 1993; Fagerberg and Godinho, 2005; Brundenius et al., 2009). Increasingly, beyond their traditional activities in education, training and research they also undertake a ‘third mission’, interacting with industry and contributing to the development and upgrading of the domestic technological and production capabilities (Mowery and Sampat, 2005; Yusuf and Nabeshima, 2007). In the advanced economies, a literature on scientific and research productivity of the different institutional contexts (for example, USA versus Europe) has flourished in recent years (Dosi et al., 2006; Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000). Instead, as pointed out by Mazzoleni (2008) in less developed countries, a good understanding of the contribution and the functioning of research organizations is still a long way off. Nonetheless, in scientific areas such as agriculture there is clearly a need to undertake research locally and develop knowledge and technologies suited to the specific conditions of each country and region (Vessuri, 1990; Albuquerque, 2004). A study on the wine sector represents a very interesting case in which to investigate whether the economic catch-up (if not forging ahead) between latecomers and forerunners is associated with a similar catch-up process in their scientific capabilities. As discussed in Chapter 2 by Cusmano et al., since the beginning of the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.