National, Interregional and Global Levels
Edited by Pami Aalto
Shinichiro Tabata and Xu Liu1 INTRODUCTION Russian oil and gas development policies have attached great importance to oil and natural gas development in the Russian Far East and East Siberia.2 The Russian initiatives seem to have three objectives: along the resource geographic dimension of energy policy formation, exploitation of oil and gas fields replacing those in West Siberia; along the financial dimension, diversification of Russia’s oil and gas exports or increase in exports to the East Asian market (for a definition of the dimensions, see Chapter 2); and the wider objective of economic growth in the Far East and East Siberia. These initiatives represent an eastward shift in Russian oil and gas development. This chapter examines the formation of concrete policies adopted to achieve these aims, the results of these policies so far, and problems expected in the future implementation of these policies. RUSSIA’S AIMS FOR THE EASTWARD SHIFT Exploitation of Oil and Gas Fields Replacing West Siberian Fields One of the most serious challenges for Russian oil and gas production is to develop new oil and gas fields, because production in the West Siberian fields, the centre of Russian oil and gas exploitation, has been projected to stagnate in the near future. A possible alternative is the oil and gas fields in the East Siberian and Far Eastern regions. In Russia, the centre of oil production since the mid-1970s has been West Siberia (Tyumen’ oblast). Since the mid-1980s the share of Tyumen’ in Russia’s oil output has been 65...
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