- Elgar original reference
Edited by Ariel Dinar and Robert Mendelsohn
Chapter 21: Climate Change, Drought and Agriculture: The Role of Effective Institutions and Infrastructure
21 Climate change, drought and agriculture: the role of effective institutions and infrastructure R. Maria Saleth, Ariel Dinar and J. Aapris Frisbie INTRODUCTION Agriculture is an important source of income and livelihood in many developed and developing countries, and is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Available evidence suggests that agriculture in many developing countries as well as in several developed countries will be affected by severe negative impacts of climate change. Research studies undertaken so far have focused on the adaptation capacity of the sector, demonstrating how appropriate adaptation strategies can minimize the negative impacts. An implicit assumption of this thesis is that appropriate institutions and infrastructures are in place and they are also very effective in underpinning the necessary adaptation options and strategies. However, this proposition has to be rigorously evaluated. This chapter will develop an analytical framework and methodology that can be used for evaluating the critical linkages between the success of adaptation options and strategies, and the effectiveness of their underlying institutions and infrastructures. The candidate institutions and infrastructures considered here cover some of the major agricultural, market, and water institutions and infrastructures. The methodological focus will be on both the individual and joint impact of these multiple institutions and infrastructures on the effectiveness of different climate change adaptation options and strategies. Following this theoretical exploration and considering drought as a case of climate change, anecdotal evidences will be provided from the literature for the role of institutions and infrastructures in supporting various...
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