- Elgar original reference
Edited by Ariel Dinar and Robert Mendelsohn
22 Conclusion and future research Robert Mendelsohn and Ariel Dinar This Handbook on Climate Change and Agriculture presents the views of experts from around the world and from several disciplines. There are some convincing conclusions that follow from this collection of writings. First and foremost, climate change is expected to have an extensive impact on agriculture around the world. Every farmer in the world will be affected directly by changes in temperature and precipitation, and by changes in concentrations of carbon dioxide. Farmers who depend on irrigation may also see changes in available water flows. As aggregate changes affect markets, there will be additional indirect effects from climate change felt through changes of prices of inputs, land and food. Price changes in turn will again affect farmers, but also consumers of food. Finally, there will be mitigation efforts from climate policy that involve farmers and that might affect the availability of land and water. One conclusion that seems to echo in every chapter is that climate change will affect agriculture. Another important conclusion across methodologies is that damages will tend to be more severe in the low latitudes than in the middle to high latitudes. This is partly because climatic conditions in the lower latitudes tend to be hot and dry already, and because low-latitude farms may have other constraints that compound climate problems such as lack of infrastructure, poor governance and weaker property rights. Every discipline represented in this Handbook has something to contribute to our understanding of the...
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