Conceptual and Methodological Advances
Edited by Frank Vanclay and Ana Maria Esteves
Chapter 11: Development-induced Community Resettlement 1
11. Development-induced community resettlement1 Thayer Scudder Introduction A wide variety of development projects involve compulsory community resettlement. They include urban redevelopment, infrastructure, mining and special economic development zones. While there are no accurate figures on the total number of people displaced by development projects and programs, the World Commission on Dams (2000) estimates that some 40 to 80 million people have been displaced by large dams. Given that, it is likely that the total number of people displaced by all projects would be well over 200 million. The adverse social impacts of development-induced compulsory resettlement continue to be unacceptable. They also reduce the potential and purpose of what are supposed to be development projects by creating new poverty among project-affected people. Fortunately, there is potential for positive outcomes, as illustrated by success stories. This chapter is organized in four sections. The first discusses a policyrelevant theoretical framework for understanding what happens during the resettlement process. The second section deals with resettlement outcomes and the third with reasons why impoverishing outcomes continue. The fourth and final section deals with how to improve resettlement outcomes. Theoretical frameworks of the resettlement process With Guggenheim’s (1994) annotated bibliography containing some 800 sources, the field of research into development-induced displacement and resettlement has been growing rapidly over time and now is a clearly identified subfield within the social and policy sciences. An International Network on 1 This chapter is an abridged and revised version of Scudder, T. (2011), ‘Resettlement outcomes of large dams’, in C....
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.