New Directions in Social Impact Assessment
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New Directions in Social Impact Assessment Conceptual and Methodological Advances

Conceptual and Methodological Advances

Edited by Frank Vanclay and Ana Maria Esteves

This important new book outlines current developments in thinking in the field of Social Impact Assessment (SIA). It advances the theory and practice of SIA, and argues that a dramatic shift is required in the way socioeconomic studies and community participation is undertaken. The book emphasizes that, much more than the act of predicting impacts in a regulatory context, SIA needs to be the process of managing the social aspects of development and that there needs to be a holistic and integrated approach to impact assessment. It stresses that greater attention needs to be given to ensuring that the goals of development are attained and enhanced.
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Chapter 11: Development-induced Community Resettlement 1

Thayer Scudder


11. Development-induced community resettlement1 Thayer Scudder Introduction A wide variety of development projects involve compulsory community resettlement. They include urban redevelopment, infrastructure, mining and special economic development zones. While there are no accurate figures on the total number of people displaced by development projects and programs, the World Commission on Dams (2000) estimates that some 40 to 80 million people have been displaced by large dams. Given that, it is likely that the total number of people displaced by all projects would be well over 200 million. The adverse social impacts of development-induced compulsory resettlement continue to be unacceptable. They also reduce the potential and purpose of what are supposed to be development projects by creating new poverty among project-affected people. Fortunately, there is potential for positive outcomes, as illustrated by success stories. This chapter is organized in four sections. The first discusses a policyrelevant theoretical framework for understanding what happens during the resettlement process. The second section deals with resettlement outcomes and the third with reasons why impoverishing outcomes continue. The fourth and final section deals with how to improve resettlement outcomes. Theoretical frameworks of the resettlement process With Guggenheim’s (1994) annotated bibliography containing some 800 sources, the field of research into development-induced displacement and resettlement has been growing rapidly over time and now is a clearly identified subfield within the social and policy sciences. An International Network on 1 This chapter is an abridged and revised version of Scudder, T. (2011), ‘Resettlement outcomes of large dams’, in C....

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