International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World
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International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World

The External Dimension of the European Research Area

Edited by Heiko Prange-Gstöhl

In a globalized knowledge-economy, the European Union (EU) needs a new approach to its international science and technology (S & T) policies by focusing on improved coherence across the different tiers of government and by demonstrating leadership in tackling serious global challenges. The contributors to this book analyze European S & T policies in several areas of global concern as well as by exposing both the pitfalls of policy coordination and its potential to contribute to a more coherent international S & T policy. They highlight the interactions between national, European and international policies, and explore how a common European policy for international S & T cooperation could work, and under which conditions. The book concludes that an EU external S & T policy is more likely to emerge if member states and the European Commission focus on a limited number of strategic priorities where Europe really can make a difference.
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Chapter 7: Global Challenges and the External Dimension of the ERA: A Comment

Dinesh Abrol


Dinesh Abrol Previous chapters in Part I of this book addressed two main questions: How can the EU, that is the Community and its member states, pursue a more effective and efficient S&T policy targeting global challenges and promoting this policy more effectively in the international arena? How should the EU invest in international S&T cooperation, specifically in respect of global issues? Scholars were expected to reflect particularly on the criteria to be utilized by the EU to define priority areas and partners and the mechanisms that need to be reinforced or created to foster international S&T cooperation on global challenges. A core necessity to address global challenges via international S&T cooperation is the ability for developing countries (DCs) to generate and to gain knowledge and technology globally and for advanced countries (ACs) to spread that knowledge and technology globally through a collective European effort. Scholars were also expected to give their suggestions on the ideas and mechanisms that would allow Europe to ‘speak in one voice’ and act together in a coherent way on the identified global challenges. The chapters in Part I of this book responded to those issues by choosing a selected set of global challenges such as climate change, global commons, global public health and neglected diseases, and pro-poor industrialization and agricultural development. Responses reflect both the identities that they bear themselves and the settings in which their suggestions would have to find a place. The contributions reflect a fundamental divide in...

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