International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World The External Dimension of the European Research Area
The External Dimension of the European Research Area
Edited by Heiko Prange-Gstöhl
Chapter 8: Coordinate to Collaborate: The Governance Challenges for European International S & T Policy
8. Coordinate to collaborate: the governance challenges for European international S&T policy Jakob Edler INTRODUCTION: THREE MEGA TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL S&T POLICIES This chapter discusses an increasingly important yet challenging development, the international coordination of nationally rooted policies or funding schemes to support international collaboration in science and technology (S&T).1 It conceptualizes ways in which government ministries or agencies can realize synergies when it comes to supporting the international activities of their researchers. Although the principles developed for international coordination can be generalized, it is set in the context of the European Research Area (ERA). This is important since European instruments have provided novel opportunities for coordination, in various forms and with varying success. Some of those coordination activities have targeted or entailed international S&T collaboration by combining two international levels: they have allowed national ministries and agencies to coordinate with other partners from Europe (‘international’ from the national perspective), in order to better support international S&T activities which have often reached beyond Europe’s borders. The topicality of policy coordination for international S&T collaboration becomes obvious when looking at three related, mutually reinforcing, mega trends. The first mega trend is that international collaboration in science and technology became of increasing importance. All indicators, such as co-publications, co-inventions and joint research projects, point in the same direction. This is true not only in absolute terms, but also as regards the relative importance of international collaboration which has grown vs. single-authored publications and national co-authorship...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.